Puruhára:Tatu guasu/Ñe'ẽndy

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Ingleñe'ẽ Guarani (ñe'ẽpukuaa) Guaraní (ñe'ẽpuandu)
world arapy arapɨ
earth, land yvyape ɨvɨ-ape
earth=ground, soil yvy ɨvɨ
dust yvytimbo ɨvɨ-tiᵐbo
mud ñay'ũ; tuju ɲaɨʔũ; tuǰu
sand yvyku'i ɨvɨ-kuʔi
mountain, hill yvyty ɨvɨ-tɨ
cliff, precipice yvy'ã ɨvɨ-ʔã
plain, field joja; ñu ǰoǰa; ɲu
valley yvytypa'ũ ɨvɨ-tɨ-paʔũ
island ypa'ũ; ñupa'ũ ɨ-paʔũ; ɲu-paʔũ
mainland yvy guasu; yvyvusu ɨvɨ ɣʷasu; ɨvɨ-vusu
shore tembe'y; yrembe'y t-eᵐbeʔɨ; ɨ-reᵐbeʔɨ
cave itakua ita-kua
water y ɨ
sea para para
calm (of sea) py'aguapy; yvytupore'ỹ pɨʔaɣʷapɨ; ɨvɨ-tuporeʔɨ̃
rough (of sea) kuchu kuču
foam ty'jui t-ɨ'ǰui
ocean paraguasu para-ɣʷasu
lake yrenda; ypa ɨreⁿda; ɨpa
gulf, bay y'apyte ɨʔapɨte
lagoon yrupa; yno'õ ɨrupa; ɨ-noʔõ
reef ita ypegua ita ɨpeɣʷa
headland, point yvyakã ɨvɨ-akã
wave ypu'ã; yapeno ɨ-puʔã; ɨ-apeno
tide parasyry para-sɨrɨ
lowtide paraguejy paraɣʷeǰɨ
hightide para jupi para ǰupi
river, stream, brook ysyry ɨ-sɨrɨ
whirlpool jepyvu; yjere ǰepɨvu; ɨ-ǰere
spring, well ykua; yvu; yvykua ɨ-kua; ɨvu; ɨvɨ-kua
swamp yvy'y; karugua ɨvɨʔɨ; karuɣʷa
waterfall yje'aha; ytu ɨ-ǰeʔaha; ɨ-tu
woods, forest ka'aguy kaʔa-ɣʷɨ
tree (cf 08.600) yvyra; yvyra'mata ɨvɨra; ɨvɨra-'mata
wood yvyra ɨvɨra
stone, rock ita ita
earthquake yvyry'ryi ɨvɨ-rɨ'rɨi
sky y'vaga ɨ'vaɣa
sun kuarahy kuarahɨ
moon jasy ǰasɨ
star mbyja ᵐbɨǰa
lightning aratiri aratiri
thunder sunu sunu
lightning (as striking) aravera ara-vera
storm arapochy; aravai ara-počɨ; ara-vai
rainbow jyiva; jui ǰɨiva; 'ǰui
light (noun) tesape; tendy tesape; t-eⁿdɨ
darkness pytũ pɨtũ
shade, shadow kuarahy'ã; ã kuarahɨʔã; ã
dew ysapy ɨsapɨ
air yvytu; pytu ɨvɨtu; pɨtu
wind yvytu ɨvɨtu
cloud arai arai
fog tatatina; araipytu t-ata-tina; araipɨtu
rain (noun) ama ama
snow (noun) amangu'iro'y; yrypy'a amaŋuʔiroʔɨ; ɨrɨpɨʔa
ice yatã; yrypy'a ɨatã; ɨ-rɨpɨʔa
weather ara ara
fire tata t-ata
flame (noun) tatarendy t-ata-r-eⁿdɨ
smoke (noun) tata'tĩ; timbo t-ata'tĩ; tiᵐbo
ashes tanimbu taniᵐbu
embers tatapỹi t-ata-pɨ̃i
burn (vb trans) kai; hapy kai; h-apɨ
burn (vb intrans) hendy h-eⁿdɨ
light, kindle, ignite myandy; myendy; jatapy mɨaⁿdɨ; mɨeⁿdɨ; ǰatapɨ
extinguish mbogue ᵐboɣʷe
match (noun) tatame'ẽha t-ata-meʔẽha
firewood jepe'a ǰepeʔa
charcoal tata'pỹi t-ata-'pɨ̃i
person, human being ava; mava; tekove ava; 'mava; tekove
man (vs. woman) ava; kuimba'e ava; kuiᵐbaʔe
woman kuña kuɲa
male kuimba'e kuiᵐbaʔe
female kuña kuɲa
boy mitãkuimba'e mitã-kuiᵐbaʔe
young man (adolescent) mitãrusu; karia'y mitãrusu; kariaʔɨ
girl mitãkuña; mitãkuña'i mitã-kuɲa; mitã-kuɲaʔi
young woman (adolescent) mitãkuñaguasu; kuñataĩ mitã-kuɲa-ɣʷasu; kuɲa-taĩ
child mitã mitã
infant, baby mitã; mitãkuimba'e; kunumi mitã; mitã-kuiᵐbaʔe; kunumi
husband mena mena
wife tembireko t-eᵐbireko
marry ñembojuaju; menda ɲeᵐboǰuaǰu; meⁿda
marriage, wedding menda meⁿda
divorce jopoi ǰopoi
father tuva tuva
mother sy
parents tuva'kuera tuva'kuera
married man kuimba'e ome'ndava kuiᵐbaʔe ome'ⁿdava
married woman kuña ome'ndava kuɲa ome'ⁿdava
son membykuimba'e meᵐbɨ-kuiᵐbaʔe
daughter membykuña meᵐbɨ-kuɲa
offspring (son or daughter) che memby kuimba'e; che memby kuña če meᵐbɨ kuiᵐbaʔe; če meᵐbɨ kuɲa
brother tykeyra; pehengue tɨke'ʔɨra; pehenɣʷe
older brother che ryke'y; che kyvy če rɨkeʔɨ; če kɨvɨ
younger brother che ryvy; che ryke; kyvy michĩ'veva če rɨvɨ; če rɨke; kɨvɨ mičĩ'veva
sister tei'ndyra; pehengue t-ei'ⁿdɨra; pehenɣʷe
older sister ryke; ty'kera rɨke; t-ɨ'kera
younger sister che kypy'y; kypy'y če kɨpɨʔɨ; kɨpɨʔɨ
sibling pehẽngue pehẽŋʷe
twins mitãkõi; kõi; membykõi mitãkõi; kõi; meᵐbɨ-kõi
grandfather taita; taitaguasu taita; taita-ɣʷasu
old man karai tuja; tuja; lekaja karai tuǰa; tuǰa; lekaǰa
grandmother ja'ryi ǰa'rɨi
old woman kuña guãiguĩ; nguaingui kuɲa ɣʷãiɣʷĩ; ŋʷaiŋʷi
grandson temiarirõ t-emiarirõ
granddaughter temiarirõ t-emiarirõ
uncle che pehẽngue mena; (tio) če pehẽŋʷe 'mena; [tio]
mother's brother sy kyvy sɨ kɨvɨ
father's brother tua ryke'y ty'vyra tua rɨkeʔɨ- tɨ'vɨra
aunt sy'yky sɨʔɨkɨ
mother's sister sy ryke sɨ rɨke
father's sister tua reindy tua reiⁿdɨ
nephew pehengue ra'y; pehengue memby peheŋʷe raʔɨ; peheŋʷe meᵐbɨ
niece pehengue rajy; pehengue memby peheŋʷe raǰɨ; peheŋʷe meᵐbɨ
cousin sykypy'ymemby sɨkɨpɨʔɨ-meᵐbɨ
ancestors tamõi t-amõi
descendants ñemoñare ɲemoɲare
father-in-law (of a man) me'nduva me'ⁿduva
father-in-law (of a woman) mendy; ratyu meⁿdɨ; r-atɨu
mother-in-law (of a man) tembirekosy; raycho t-eᵐbirekosɨ; r-aɨčo
mother-in-law (of a woman) menasy; mesy menasɨ; me-sɨ
son-in-law (of a man) ta'jyra mena; rajyme ta'ǰɨra 'mena; r-aǰɨ-me
son-in-law (of a woman) memby'mena; membyme meᵐbɨ-'mena; meᵐbɨ-me
daughter-in-law (of a man) ta'yra rembireko; ra'ytaty taʔɨra reᵐbireko; raʔɨ-tatɨ
daughter-in-law (of a woman) memby rembireko; membytaty meᵐbɨ reᵐbireko; meᵐbɨ-tatɨ
stepfather tuanga; tuvanga tuaŋa; 'tuva-ᵑga
stepmother syanga; syanga sɨaŋa; sɨ-aᵑga
stepson tayranga; membyanga t-a'ʔɨra-ŋa; meᵐbɨaŋa
stepdaughter ta'jyranga; membyanga t-a'ǰɨra-ŋa; meᵐbɨaŋa
orphan tyre'ỹ tɨreʔɨ̃
widow imenave'ỹva; menave'ỹ i-mena-veʔɨ̃va; mena-ve-ʔɨ̃
widower hembirekove'ỹva; tembirekove'ỹ h-eᵐbireko-veʔɨ̃va; t-eᵐbireko-veʔɨ̃
relatives, kinsmen pehengue; (hente)'kuera peheŋʷe; ['hente]-'kuera
family ogapegua oɣa-pe-ɣʷa
I che če
you (singular) nde ⁿde
he/she/it ha'e haʔe
we ha'e ~ ha'e chupe haʔe ~ haʔe čupe
we (inclusive) ñande ɲaⁿde
we (exclusive) ore ore
you (plural) peẽ peẽ
they ha'e'kuera haʔe-'kuera
animal tymba t-ɨᵐba
male (adj) kuimba'e; me; (macho) kuiᵐbaʔe; me; ['mačo]
female (adj) kuña kuɲa
livestock tymba; tymba'kuera tɨᵐba; t-ɨᵐba-'kuera
pasture kapi'ipety; ñu kapiʔipetɨ; ɲu
herdsman mymbarerekua mɨᵐbarerekua
stable, stall mymbarenda; (kora) mɨᵐbareⁿda; [kora]
cattle (bovine) (tropa); (vaka)'kuera ['tropa]; [vaka]-'kuera
bull (vaka)me; (toro) [vaka]me; ['toro]
ox (guei) ['ɣʷei]
cow (vaka) [vaka]
calf (vaka)ra'y [vaka]-raʔɨ
sheep (oveša) [oveša]
ram (oveša)me [oveša]-me
ewe (oveša) [oveša]
lamb (oveša)ra'y [oveša]-raʔɨ
boar kureka'aguy kure-kaʔaɣʷɨ
sow (2) tajasu; kurekuña taǰasu; kure-kuɲa
pig kure; tajasu kure; taǰasu
goat (kavara) [kavara]
he-goat (kavara)me [kavara]-me
kid (kavara)ra'y [kavara]-raʔɨ
horse (equine) (kavaju) [kavaǰu]
stallion (kavaju)ru; (ko'hudo) [kavaǰu]ru; [ko'hudo]
mare (kavaju)kuña; (jegua) [kavaǰu]kuɲa; ['ǰeɣʷa]
foal, colt (kavaju)ra'y [kavaǰu]-raʔɨ
ass, donkey (vuro) [vuro]
mule (mburika) [ᵐburika]
fowl guyra ɣʷɨra
cock, rooster kupyju kupɨǰu
hen ryguasu rɨɣʷasu
chicken ryguasura'y rɨɣʷasu-raʔɨ
goose garimbe ɣariᵐbe
duck ype ɨpe
nest raity; tupa; taity r-aitɨ; tupa; t-aitɨ
bird guyra ɣʷɨra
seagull atĩ; guyratĩ atĩ; ɣuɨratĩ
heron hoko hoko
eagle taguato taɣʷato
hawk taguato; kirikiri taɣʷato; kiri-kiri
vulture yryvu ɨrɨvu
bat mbopi ᵐbopi
parrot tu'ĩ para; gua'a tuʔĩ para; ɣʷaʔa
crow yryvu ɨrɨvu
dove pykasu; jeruti pɨkasu; ǰeruti
owl urukure'a; ñakurutũ; kavure urukureʔa; ɲakurutũ; kavure
dog jagua ǰaɣʷa
rabbit tapiti tapiti
cat mbarakaja ᵐbarakaǰa
opossum mykurẽ mɨkurẽ
mouse, rat anguja aŋuǰa
fish pira pira
fin (dorsal) pirapepo pira-pepo
fishscale pirapire pira-pire
gill piraapekũ pira-apekũ
shell ape; yta ape; ɨta
shark
porpoise, dolphin
whale
stingray jave'vui; jave'vyi ǰave'vui; ǰave'vɨi
freshwater eel mbusu ᵐbusu
wolf jaguarundi; aguaraguasu ǰaɣʷaruⁿdi; aɣʷara-ɣʷasu
lion jaguapytã; (leõ) ǰaɣʷa-pɨtã; [leõ]
bear
fox aguara; aguara'i aɣʷara; aɣʷaraʔi
deer guasu ɣʷasu
monkey ka'i; karaja kaʔi; karaǰa
elephant
camel
insect yso; mo'ñai; (vicho) ɨso; mo'ɲai; ['vičo]
louse ky
nit (louse egg) kyrupi'a kɨ-rupiʔa
flea tũnngusu tũnᵑgusu
centipede ambu'a aᵐbuʔa
scorpion japeusa ǰapeusa
cockroach tarave tarave
ant ta'hyi ta'hɨi
spider ñandu ɲaⁿdu
spider web ñandurenimbo; ñanduti ɲaⁿdu-reniᵐbo; ɲaⁿdu-ti
bee eiru eiru
beeswax araity araitɨ
beehive eiruraity eiru-raitɨ
wasp kava kava
fly mberu ᵐberu
sandfly (midge), gnat ñetĩ; mbarigui ɲetĩ; ᵐbariɣʷi
mosquito ñati'ũ ɲatiʔũ
worm sevo'i sevoʔi
snake mboi ᵐboi
firefly muã; ysoindy muã; ɨsoiⁿdɨ
butterfly panambi panaᵐbi
grasshopper tuku tuku
snail jatyta; jatevu ǰatɨta; ǰatevu
frog ju'i ǰuʔi
lizard ambere aᵐbere
crocodile, alligator jakare ǰakare
turtle karumbe karuᵐbe
body tete t-ete
skin, hide pire pire
flesh to'o t-oʔo
hair (head) tague t-aɣʷe
beard tendyva t-eⁿdɨva
body hair tague t-aɣʷe
pubic hair tambeypy rague; takambyrage taᵐbeɨpɨ raɣʷe; t-akaᵐbɨ-raɣe
dandruff apiku'i apikuʔi
blood tuguy t-uɣʷɨ
vein, artery tuguy rape tuɣʷɨ rape
bone kãngue kãᵑɣʷe
rib ñarukã ɲarukã
horn tatĩ; akãratĩ t-atĩ; akã-ratĩ
tail tuguai t-uɣʷai
back ape; atukupe ape; atukupe
spine apekangue ape-kaᵑɣʷe
head akã akã
side of head, temple aty atɨ
skull kãnguekue; akakangue kãŋʷekue; aka-kaŋʷe
brain apytu'ũ apɨtuʔũ
face tova t-ova
forehead syva sɨva
jaw tañykã t-aɲɨkã
cheek tatypy t-atɨpɨ
chin tañykã taɲɨkã
eye tesa t-esa
eyebrow tyvyta t-ɨvɨta
eyelid topepi t-opepi
eyelash topea t-opea
blink tesapirĩ t-esa-pirĩ
ear nambi naᵐbi
earlobe nambi'a'pyra naᵐbi-ʔa'pɨra
earwax apysa raity apɨsa raitɨ
nose ; apyngua tĩ; apɨᵑgʷa
nostril tĩ'kuara; apynguakua tĩ-'kuara; apɨᵑɣʷa-kua
mucus (nasal) a'mbyu a'ᵐbɨu
mouth juru ǰuru
beak ; guyratĩ tĩ; ɣʷɨratĩ
lip tembe t-eᵐbe
tongue
tooth tãi t-ãi
gums tãimbira; e'mbira t-ãiᵐbira; e'ᵐbira
molartooth tãiguasu; tãigue'a tãi-ɣʷasu; tãi-ɣʷeʔa
neck a'jura a'ǰura
nape of neck a'tua a'tua
throat ahy'o ahɨʔo
shoulder ati'y atiʔɨ
shoulderblade atukupe; ati'ykange atukupe; atiʔɨ-kaᵑge
collarbone pyti'akã'ypy pɨtiʔakãʔɨpɨ
arm jyva ǰɨva
armpit jyvaguy ǰɨva-ɣʷɨ
elbow jyvanga; teñyvanga ǰɨva-ᵑga; t-eɲɨvaᵑga
wrist pyapy pɨapɨ
hand po po
palm of hand popyte po-pɨte
finger kuã kuã
thumb kuã guasu; kuãnguasu kuã ɣʷasu; kuãᵑguasu
fingernail pyapẽ; pysãpe pɨapẽ; pɨsãpe
claw pyapẽ; pysapẽ pɨapẽ; pɨsapẽ
leg tetyma t-etɨma
thigh tetyma; tumby; uva tetɨma; t-uᵐbɨ; 'uva
calf of leg tetymaro'o t-etɨma-roʔo
knee penarã; tenypy'ã penarã; t-enɨpɨʔã
foot py
ankle pyñuã pɨ-ɲuã
heel pyta pɨ-ta
footprint pypore; pore pɨ-pore; pore
toe pysã pɨ-sã
wing pepo pepo
feather tague t-aɣʷe
chest pyti'a pɨtiʔa
breast (of woman) kama kama
nipple, teat kama; kama apyi; kama'mbyi kama; kama apɨi; kama'ᵐbɨi
udder kama kama
navel puru'ã puruʔã
heart ñe'ã; py'a ɲeʔã; pɨʔa
lung ñe'ã ve'vui; ve'vyi ɲeʔã ve'vui; ve'vɨi
liver mby'a ᵐbɨʔa
kidney pitikiri'i pitikiriʔi
spleen perevy perevɨ
stomach ku'a; py'a kuʔa; pɨʔa
intestines, guts tyekue; tye t-ɨekue; t-ɨe
waist ku'a kuʔa
hip tumbyky; tumby t-uᵐbɨkɨ; t-uᵐbɨ
buttocks tevi t-evi
womb membyryru meᵐbɨ-rɨru
testicle ta'yi t-aʔɨi
penis tembo t-eᵐbo
breathe, breath pytu; pytuhẽ pɨtu; pɨtu-hẽ
yawn, gape jejurupeka; jejurupe'a ǰe-ǰurupeka; ǰe-ǰuru-peʔa
hiccough jo'joi ǰo'ǰoi
cough hu'u huʔu
sneeze atĩa atĩa
perspire tyai t-ɨ'ʔai
spit ndivu ⁿdivu
vomit gue'ẽ ɣʷeʔẽ
bite su'u suʔu
lick he'rei he'rei
dribble rendysyry r-eⁿdɨ-sɨrɨ
sleep ke ke
snore kerambu keraᵐbu
dream kerasy; ke kerasɨ; ke
wake up pay paɨ
break wind pyno pɨno
urinate kuaru kuaru
defecate poti; (kaka) poti; [kaka]
have sexual intercourse poreno; je'u poreno; ǰeʔu
shiver ry'ryi rɨ'rɨi
bathe jahu; mbojahu ǰahu; ᵐboǰahu
beget (of father) moñemoña; moñepyrũ moɲemoɲa; moɲepɨrũ
born (to be) te'ñoi; a t-e'ɲoi; a
pregnant ipuru'a; tyeguasu ipuruʔa; t-ɨe-ɣʷasu
conceive ñemoña ɲemoɲa
live, living, life (ai)kove; (ai)ko; tekove (ai)kove; (ai)ko; t-ekove
die, dead mano mano
drowned ho'yguy hoʔɨɣʷɨ
kill juka ǰuka
corpse te'ongue t-eʔoᵑgʷe
bury (the dead) ñotỹ ɲotɨ̃
grave, tomb tyvy t-ɨvɨ
strong, mighty, powerful hatã; mbarete hatã; ᵐbarete
weak kangy kaŋɨ
well, health hesãi; tesãi h-esãi; t-esãi
sick, sickness ha'syva; tasy ha'sɨva; t-asɨ
fever akãnundu akãnuⁿdu
goiter ju'ái ǰu'ʔai
cold (catarrh) ahy'opararã; tĩsyry ahɨʔo-pararã; tĩ-sɨrɨ
wound, sore ñekytĩpore; ai; jejapi ɲekɨtĩpore; ai; ǰeǰapi
bruise ñehunga ɲehuᵑga
swelling mbovu; apeno; ruru ᵐbovu; apeno; ruru
itch te'mõi t-e'mõi
blister mbiru'a; apiru'a ᵐbiruʔa; apiruʔa
boil (noun) jati'i ǰatiʔi
pus peu peu
scar mbore; pere ᵐbore; pere
cure, heal monguera; pohano; kuera moŋʷera; pohano; kuera
physician pohanohára pohano'hara
medicine, drug pohã pohã
poison pohã jukaha; pohãjuka; pohãi pohã ǰukaha; pohã-ǰuka; pohãi
tired, weary ikane'õ; kane'õ ikaneʔõ; kaneʔõ
rest pytu'u pɨtuʔu
lazy ate'ỹ; kaigue; kangy ateʔɨ̃; kaiɣʷe; kaŋɨ
bald akãperõ akã-perõ
lame ikarẽva; karẽ; parĩ ikarẽva; karẽ; parĩ
deaf apysatũ; apysa'ỹ apɨsatũ; apɨsaʔɨ̃
mute ñe'ẽngu ɲeʔẽᵑgu
blind techa'ỹ t-ečaʔɨ̃
intoxicated ka'u kaʔu
naked, bare o'pivo; ao'y o'pivo; aoʔɨ
eat u; karu u; karu
food tembi'u t-eᵐbiʔu
cooked jygue; mi'moi ǰɨɣʷe; mi'moi
raw pyra pɨra
ripe hi'aju; aju hiʔaǰu; aǰu
green, unripe hi'aky; peky hiʔ-akɨ; pekɨ
rotten ituju; tuju ituǰu; tuǰu
drink u; y'u u; ɨ-ʔu
hunger ñembya'hyi; vare'a ɲeᵐbɨa'hɨi; vareʔa
famine ñembya'hyi ɲeᵐbɨa'hɨi
thirst yu'hei; y'u'hei ɨu'hei; ɨʔu'hei
suck pyte; kambu pɨte; kaᵐbu
chew ñamindu'u; su'u ɲamiⁿduʔu; suʔu
swallow mokõ mokõ
choke pytujoko pɨtu-ǰoko
cook mbojy ᵐboǰɨ
boil (vb) pupu; mbopupu pupu; ᵐbo-pupu
roast, fry moka'ẽ; hesy; chyryry mokaʔẽ; hesɨ; čɨrɨrɨ
bake tataku'ape ñembojy tata-ku'ape ɲe-ᵐboǰɨ
oven tatakua t-ata-kua
pot, cooking vessel japepo ǰapepo
kettle okendavoka okeⁿdavoka
pan ña'ẽpyrũ ɲaʔẽpɨrũ
dish ña'ẽmbe ɲaʔẽᵐbe
plate ña'ẽmbe ɲaʔẽ-ᵐbe
bowl ña'ẽ ɲaʔẽ
pitcher, jug kambuchi kaᵐbuči
cup, drinking vessel kagua kaɣʷa
saucer ña'ẽchararã ɲaʔẽčararã
spoon kuipe kuipe
knife (2) kyse kɨse
fork (2) kypa kɨpa
tongs kypa kɨpa
meal (a) tembi'u t-eᵐbiʔu
breakfast rambosaguã; rammbosarã raᵐbosa-ɣʷã; raᵐmbosa-rã
lunch karu; karuasaje karu; karu-asaǰe
dinner karu; tembi'u karu; teᵐbiʔu
supper karupyhare karu-pɨhare
peel pire; pire'o pire; pire-ʔo
sieve, strain mbogua ᵐboɣʷa
scrape karãi; popĩ karãi; popĩ
stir, mix mbokacha; mbojehe'a ᵐbo-kača; ᵐboǰeheʔa
bread chipa; mbujape čipa; ᵐbuǰape
dough mba'ehu'ũ; mbujaperã ᵐbaʔe-huʔũ; ᵐbuǰaperã
knead mbojehe'a; (sova) ᵐboǰeheʔa; [sova]
meal, flour avatimiriku'i; hu'itĩ ava-timirikuʔi; huʔitĩ
crush, grind joso; mongu'i ǰoso; moŋuʔi
mill mongu'iha moŋuʔiha
mortar (2) angu'a aŋuʔa
pestle avatisoka avatisoka
meat so'o soʔo
sausage mbusi'a; (vuti'farra) ᵐbusiʔa; [vuti'farra]
soup, broth jukysy ǰukɨsɨ
vegetables ka'avo kaʔavo
bean kumanda kumaⁿda
potato jety ǰetɨ
fruit a; yva a; ɨva
bunch apesã apesã
fig guapo'y ɣʷapoʔɨ
grape (parral)'a [parral]-ʔa
nut manduvi maⁿduvi
olive taruma'a tarumaʔa
oil ñandyry ɲaⁿdɨrɨ
grease, fat ñandy; kyrakue ɲaⁿdɨ; kɨra-kue
salt juky ǰukɨ
pepper ky'ỹi kɨʔɨ̃i
chili pepper ky'ỹi; kumbari kɨʔɨ̃i; kuᵐbari
honey e'ira e'ira
sugar (asuka) [asuka]
milk (noun) kamby kaᵐbɨ
milk (vb) ñami ɲami
cheese kambyrypy'a; (kesu) kaᵐbɨrɨpɨʔa; [kesu]
butter kambykyratã kaᵐbɨkɨratã
beverage, drink jey'urã ǰe-ɨʔu-rã
mead ye'ira; (a'loha) ɨe'ira; [a'loha]
wine kaguy kaɣʷɨ
beer kaguy kaɣʷɨ
fermented drink jey'urã raguyno ǰeɨʔurã raɣʷɨno
egg tupi'a; ryguasurupi'a t-upiʔa; rɨɣʷasu-rupiʔa
egg yolk tupi'a pytãngue; rupi'apytãngy t-upiʔa pɨtãᵑɣʷe; rupiʔa-pɨtã-ŋɨ
put on (clothes) ñemonde; ñamonde; monde ɲemoⁿde; ɲa-moⁿde; moⁿde
clothing, clothes ao ao
tailor aoapoha ao-apoha
cloth pyahapyre; poyvi pɨahapɨre; poɨvi
wool chara; (ovecha)rague čara; [oveča]-raɣʷe
linen, flax ka'avo inimborã kaʔavo iniᵐborã
cotton mandyju maⁿdɨǰu
silk ysomandyju ɨsomaⁿdɨǰu
felt
fur huguare; pi; pire; pirekue huɣʷare; pi; pire; pire-kue
leather pire; (vaka)pi pire; [vaka]-pi
spin povã povã
spindle he'ỹ heʔɨ̃
weave pyaha pɨaha
loom aoapoha; (tera); aovyta aoapoha; [tera]; ao-vɨta
sew mbovyvy ᵐbovɨvɨ
needle ju ǰu
awl kutuha kutuha
thread inimbo; tenimbo iniᵐbo; t-eniᵐbo
dye mongolo moᵑgolo
cloak jaho'iha ǰahoʔiha
poncho ahoja; (põcho) ahoǰa; [põčo]
woman's dress ao; sai ao; 'sai
coat ñuãha; ahoja ɲuãha; ahoǰa
shirt (kamisa) [kamisa]
collar a'jura a'ǰura
skirt sai sai
grass-skirt
trousers (kasõ) [kasõ]
stocking, sock pyao pɨ-ao
shoe (sapatu) [sapatu]
boot (sapatu)puku [sapatu]puku
shoemaker, cobbler (sapatu)apoha [sapatu]apoha
hat, cap akãrehegua; akãngao akãreheɣʷa; akãŋao
belt, girdle chumbe; ku'akuaha; ku'akua čuᵐbe; kuʔakuaha; kuʔakua
glove poñuvã poɲuvã
veil ahoja ahoǰa
pocket vona vona
button akytã; (votõ) akɨtã; [votõ]
pin ju iña'kãva ǰu iɲa'kãva
ornament, adornment jeguaka ǰeɣʷaka
jewel jeguaka ǰeɣʷaka
ring (for finger) kuãirũ kuãirũ
bracelet pyapyrehegua; py'apykyja pɨapɨreheɣʷa; pɨʔapɨkɨǰa
necklace mbo'y ᵐboʔɨ
bead kuru; ai; mbo'y; po'y kuru; ai; ᵐboʔɨ; poʔɨ
earring nami'chai; namichãi nami'čai; namičãi
headband, headdress ava jokoha ava ǰokoha
tattoo pini pini
handkerchief, rag ao'i aoʔi
towel mokãha mokãha
comb kygua kɨɣʷa
brush karãiha karãiha
braid ñopẽ ɲopẽ
razor tendyvakytĩha teⁿdɨvakɨtĩha
ointment ñandy ɲaⁿdɨ
soap (havõ) [havõ]
mirror itangecha itaŋeča
dwell, live (ai) ko; iko (ai) ko; iko
house oga oɣa
hut guataha; tapỹi; tapere ɣʷataha; tapɨ̃i; tapere
garden-house ka'a roga kaʔa 'r-oɣa
tent tapỹi tapɨ̃i
yard, court o'kara; (kora)py o'kara; [kora]pɨ
men's house oga kuimba'e renda oɣa kuiᵐbaʔe reⁿda
cookhouse tataypy t-ata-ɨpɨ
meeting house oga atyha; aty'roga oɣa atɨha; atɨ-'r-oɣa
room koty kotɨ
door, gate okẽ okẽ
doorpost, jamb okẽ'yke okẽ-ʔɨke
lock (noun) mbotyha ᵐbotɨha
latch, door-bolt okẽmbotyha okẽᵐbotɨha
key
window o(vetã) o[vetã]
floor yvy ɨvɨ
wall ogyke; (tapia) oɣɨke; ['tapia]
fireplace tatarenda t-ata-reⁿda
stove mbyakuha ᵐbɨakuha
chimney tatatĩsẽha t-ata-tĩsẽha
ladder jupiha ǰupiha
bed tupa; inimbe; tenimbe t-upa; iniᵐbe; t-eniᵐbe
pillow (aramboha) [araᵐboha]
blanket ahoja ahoǰa
chair apyka apɨka
table aripaka; (mesa) aripaka; [mesa]
lamp, torch mba'erendy; tataindy ᵐbaʔereⁿdɨ; t-ata-iⁿdɨ
candle tataindy t-ata-iⁿdɨ
shelf mba'ejokoha; (sov'rado) ᵐbaʔeǰokoha; [sov'rado]
trough ña'ẽguasu; ña'ẽyvyra ɲaʔẽɣʷasu; ɲaʔẽ-ɨvɨra
roof ogaho'i; ogahoja oɣa-hoʔi; oɣa-hoǰa
thatch ogaho'ikapi'i oɣa-hoʔi-kapiʔi
ridgepole ogakyvy; ogapyryta oɣa-kɨvɨ; oɣapɨrɨta
rafter yvyrapanda ɨvɨrapaⁿda
beam yvyrapanda ɨvɨrapaⁿda
post, pole yvyra'ygue ɨvɨraʔɨɣʷe
board yvyrape ɨvɨrape
arch mokarapã mokarapã
mason ogapohára; ogaapoha oɣa-po'hara; oɣa-apoha
brick ita'yvy itaʔ-ɨvɨ
mortar
adobe yvytambe ɨvɨ-taᵐbe
farmer chokokue čokokue
field (for cultivation) koga; kokue koɣa; kokue
garden yvotyty ɨvotɨ-tɨ
cultivate, till ño'ty; ñemitỹ ɲo'tɨ; ɲemitɨ̃
fence (kora); to'kai [kora]; t-o'kai
ditch yvykuapuku ɨvɨ-kua-puku
plow yvyjo'o; (ara) ɨvɨ-ǰoʔo; [ara]
furrow yvyjo'o; tape ɨvɨ-ǰoʔo; t-ape
dig jo'o; mbo'yvykua ǰoʔo; ᵐboʔ-ɨvɨ-kua
spade sype sɨpe
shovel yvyjo'oha ɨvɨ-ǰoʔoha
hoe itasype itasɨpe
fork takamby takaᵐbɨ
rake typycha tɨpɨča
sow mosarambi; ñemitỹ; myasãi mosaraᵐbi; ɲemitɨ̃; mɨasãi
seed ta'ỹi t-aʔɨ̃i
mow, reap kytĩ; mbyaty; mono'õ kɨtĩ; ᵐbɨatɨ; monoʔõ
sickle, scythe kysety'ãi kɨsetɨʔãi
thresh jy'kyi; joka; ta'ỹi'o ǰɨ'kɨi; ǰoka; t-aʔɨ̃i-ʔo
threshing-floor oñemonguiva oɲemoᵑgu'ʔiva
crop, harvest mono'õmbyre; kogapo'o monoʔõ-ᵐbɨre; 'koɣa-poʔo
grain (barley, oats etc) ta'ỹi t-aʔɨ̃i
wheat avatimirĩ avati-mirĩ
barley avatiriku avatiriku
rye
oats
maize, corn avati avati
rice (arro) [arro]
grass ñana; kapi'ipe ɲana; kapiʔipe
hay kapi'i kapiʔi
plant (noun) ka'a; (mata); ñana kaʔa; ['mata]; ɲana
plant (vb) ñemitỹ ɲemitɨ̃
root hapo; tapo h-apo; t-apo
branch rakã; takã; yvyrarakã rakã; t-akã; ɨvɨra-rakã
leaf togue toɣʷe
flower yvoty ɨvotɨ
tree yvyra ɨvɨra
oak
beech
birch
pine kuri'y kuriʔɨ
fir
acorn
vine ysypo ɨsɨpo
tobacco petỹ petɨ̃
smoke (tobacco) petymotĩmbo; motimbo; (pita) petɨ-motĩᵐbo; mo-tiᵐbo; [pita]
pipe motimboha; (ka'chimbo) motiᵐboha; [ka'čiᵐbo]
tree stump yvyraypykue; yvyrara'y ɨvɨra-ɨpɨkue; ɨvɨra-raʔɨ
tree trunk yvyraropyta ɨvɨra-ropɨta
forked branch tokyta; (or'keta) tokɨta; [or'keta]
bark ape; pire ape; pire
sap yvyraysy; ysy ɨvɨra-ɨsɨ; ɨsɨ
palm tree karanda'y; mbokaja('mata) karaⁿdaʔɨ; ᵐbokaǰa-['mata]
coconut mbokaja'a ᵐbokaǰaʔa
citrus fruit yva hai; (lima)sutĩ; (narãha); limõ ɨva hai; [lima]sutĩ; [narãha]; limõ
banana tree pakova pakova
sweet potato jety ǰetɨ
yam
tapioca, manioc, cassava mandi'o maⁿdiʔo
gourd andai aⁿdai
pumpkin, squash kurapepẽ kurapepẽ
bamboo takuara takuara
sugar cane takuare'ẽ takuareʔẽ
fish poison (root) poha jukaha; popĩa poha ǰukaha; popĩa
nettle pyno pɨno
mushroom urupe urupe
do, make japo ǰapo
work mba'apo ᵐbaʔapo
bend mokarapã; pepy mo-karapã; pepɨ
fold mbojoyvy ᵐbo-ǰoɨvɨ
tie, bind mosã; ñapytĩ mosã; ɲapɨtĩ
untie jora; mosãso; poi ǰora; mo-sãso; poi
chain satã; itasã satã; ita-sã
rope, cord tukumbo; tukuᵐbo; sã
knot (noun) apokytã; akytã apokɨtã; akɨtã
strike (hit, beat) mbota ᵐbota
pound with fist joso ǰoso
cut kytĩ kɨtĩ
cut down (ai) ty; ity; mombe (ai) tɨ; itɨ; moᵐbe
chop, hew mboja'o; mbo'i ᵐboǰaʔo; ᵐboʔi
stab kutu kutu
knife kyse kɨse
scissors, shears jetapa ǰetapa
ax jyakãnga; (hacha) ǰɨakãᵑga; ['hača]
adze jyapa ǰɨapa
break jeka; joka; pẽ ǰeka; ǰoka; pẽ
broken opẽ; jokapyre; ñemopẽ opẽ; ǰoka-pɨre; ɲe-mo-pẽ
split joka; mbovo ǰoka; ᵐbo-vo
tear jeka; mondoro ǰeka; mo-ⁿdoro
flay, skin pire'o; piro pire-ʔo; piro
rub, wipe kyty; pichy kɨtɨ; pičɨ
stretch mbopuku ᵐbo-puku
pull myatã; muatã mɨ-atã; mu-atã
spread out pyso; myasãi; mosarambi pɨso; mɨ-asãi; mo-saraᵐbi
hang up mosaingo mo-saiŋo
press jopy; humbiri; poka ǰopɨ; huᵐbiri; poka
squeeze, wring jopy ǰopɨ
pour ñohẽ ɲohẽ
wash jo'hei ǰo'hei
sweep typei tɨpei
broom typycha tɨpɨča
tool tembiporu t-eᵐbiporu
carpenter yvyramba'apohára ɨvɨraᵐbaʔapo'hara
build jogapo ǰoɣapo
bore mbokua ᵐbo-kua
hollow out mopyko'ẽ mo-pɨkoʔẽ
saw mokychĩ'iha; kichi'ĩ mokɨčĩʔiha; kičiʔĩ
hammer mbotaha ᵐbotaha
nail itapygua; kutuha itapɨɣʷa; kutuha
glue mba'eaysy ᵐbaʔeaɨsɨ
smith, blacksmith itamba'apoha itaᵐbaʔapoha
forge japo ǰapo
anvil ñainupãha ɲainupãha
cast (metals) mboyku; membe ᵐboɨku; meᵐbe
gold kuarepotiju; itaju kuarepoti-ǰu; ita-ǰu
silver itatĩ; kuarepotitĩ ita-tĩ; kuarepoti-tĩ
copper, bronze
iron itakandua itakaⁿdua
lead (noun) itapo'hyi itapo'hɨi
tin, tinplate itambe itaᵐbe
potter ñai'ũavykyha ɲaiʔũavɨkɨha
mold (clay etc) ta'anga rapo; moha'anga taʔaŋa rapo; mohaʔaŋa
clay tuju tuǰu
glass ñeangecha ɲeaᵑgeča
weave, plait pyaha; ñopẽ pɨaha; ɲopẽ
basket ajaka aǰaka
mat piri piri
rug karuha; pyrũha karuha; pɨrũha
netbag voko voko
fan (noun) pejuha peǰuha
fan (vb) mboyvytu ᵐboɨvɨtu
carve moha'anga mohaʔaᵑga
sculptor moha'anga mohaʔaŋa'hara
statue tetera'anga teteraʔaŋa
chisel jykuasoka ǰɨkuasoka
paint (noun) mboparaha ᵐbopara-ha
paint (vb) mbopara ᵐbopara
move mo'myi; mongu'e mo-'mɨi; mo-ŋuʔe
turn over japaje'rei; japaro ǰapaǰe'rei; ǰaparo
turn around jere; mbojere ǰere; ᵐbo-ǰere
wind, wrap mboapakua; japakua ᵐboapakua; ǰapakua
roll japaje'rei; mbojere; mboapakua ǰapaǰe'rei; ᵐboǰere; ᵐboapakua
drop (vb) poi poi
twist poka poka
rise jupi ǰupi
raise, lift mopu'ã; mbojupi mopuʔã; ᵐbo-ǰupi
fall a a
drip tyky; mbogua tɨkɨ; ᵐboɣʷa
throw mombo; ity moᵐbo; itɨ
catch (ball) pyhy pɨhɨ
shake tyvyro; mbokacha tɨvɨro; ᵐbokača
flow syry sɨrɨ
sink moñapymi; mboyguy mo-ɲapɨmi; ᵐbo-ɨɣʷɨ
float ve'vui ve'vui
swim yta ɨta
dive ñapymi; sapymi ɲapɨmi; sapɨmi
splash hy'pyi hɨ'pɨi
sail (vb) guata ygape ɣʷata ɨɣape
fly (vb) veve veve
blow peju peǰu
creep, crawl poñy poɲɨ
kneel ñesũ ɲesũ
crouch jayvy ǰa-ɨvɨ
slide, slip pysyrỹi; pysyry pɨsɨrɨ̃i; pɨsɨrɨ
jump, leap (a)po; popo (a)po; popo
kick pyvoi pɨvoi
dance jeroky ǰerokɨ
walk guata ɣʷata
limp karẽ karẽ
run ñani ɲani
go (a)ha; ho (a)ha; ho
go up jupi ǰu-pi
climb jupi; (ñekarama) ǰu-pi; [ɲekarama]
go down guejy ɣʷeǰɨ
go out sẽ sẽ
come ju ǰu
come back jujey; jevy ǰu-ǰeɨ; ǰevɨ
go away, depart ho; po'i pygui ho; poʔi 'pɨɣʷi
disappear kañy kaɲɨ
flee kañy; guari; piã kaɲɨ; ɣʷari; piã
follow hohakyku'eri; moña; muña hohakɨku'eri; moɲa; muɲa
pursue moña moɲa
reach, arrive hupyty; guahẽ hupɨtɨ; ɣʷahẽ
approach mo'aguĩ mo-ʔaɣʷĩ
enter (a)ike (a)ike
carry (bear) raha; gueraha raha; ɣʷe-raha
carry-in-hand pope jereraha pope ǰere-raha
carry-on-shoulder a'pere jereraha a'pere ǰere-raha
carry-on-head aka ari jereraha aka 'ari ǰere-raha
carry-underarm gueraha jyva'guype ɣʷeraha ǰɨva'ɣʷɨpe
bring gueru; ru ɣʷe-ru; ru
send rahauka; mondo rahauka; moⁿdo
lead (vb) sambyhy; mboguata saᵐbɨhɨ; ᵐbo-ɣʷata
drive sambyhy saᵐbɨhɨ
ride guapy kavaju ari ɣʷapɨ kavaǰu 'ari
push, shove myaña; muaña mɨaɲa; muaɲa
road tape t-ape
path tape; tapepo'i tape; t-ape-poʔi
bridge yvyvorasaha ɨvɨ-vorasaha
carriage, wagon, cart mba'yru; (ka'rreta); kachape ᵐbaʔɨru; [ka'rreta]; kačape
wheel mba'ejere ᵐbaʔe-ǰere
axle jere'yva ǰereʔɨva
yoke apyryta; apiryta apɨrɨta; apirɨta
ship ygarata ɨɣarata
boat yga ɨɣa
canoe yga ɨɣa
outrigger itapa itapa
raft ygape ɨɣape
oar ygajyva; (patula) ɨɣa-ǰɨva; [patula]
paddle (noun) ygasojambyky ɨɣasoǰaᵐbɨkɨ
row (vb) py'kui pɨ'kui
rudder yga sambyhyha; ygakũ ɨɣa saᵐbɨhɨha; ɨɣa-kũ
mast yvavusu; ygarupa; nay ɨvavusu; ɨɣa-rupa; naɨ
sail (noun) ao yga mboguataha ao ɨɣa ᵐboɣʷataha
anchor ygamombytaha ɨɣa-moᵐbɨtaha
harbor, port yga guahẽha ɨɣa ɣʷahẽha
land (vb) sẽ y'gagui sẽ ɨ'ɣaɣʷi
have guereko; reko ɣʷe-reko; reko
own, possess mba'erereko ᵐbaʔe-re-reko
take japyhy; pyhy ǰapɨhɨ; pɨhɨ
seize, grasp pyhy; japyhy pɨhɨ; ǰapɨhɨ
hold pyhy pɨhɨ
get, obtain hupity; hupyty hupitɨ; hupɨtɨ
keep, retain ñongatu; kopuku ɲoŋatu; kopuku
thing mba'e ᵐbaʔe
give me'ẽ meʔẽ
give back me'ẽjey meʔẽ-ǰeɨ
preserve, look after ñongatu; ñangareko ɲoŋatu; ɲaŋareko
save, rescue pysyrõ pɨsɨrõ
destroy mbyai; mboku'i; mbokusugue ᵐbɨ-ai; ᵐbo-kuʔi; ᵐbokusuɣʷe
harm, injure, damage mbyai; haru ᵐbɨ-ai; haru
seek, look for heka heka
find juhu; (topa) ǰuhu; [topa]
lose kañy kaɲɨ
release, let go poi; so poi; so
money pirapire; viru pira-pire; viru
coin viru viru
rich mba'ererekoha; mba'ehetava ᵐbaʔererekoha; ᵐbaʔe-hetava
poor mboriahu; poriahu ᵐboriahu; poriahu
beggar tupamba'e'jara tupa-ᵐbaʔe-'ǰara
avaricious, stingy hakate'ỹva; takate'ỹ h-akateʔɨ̃-va; takateʔɨ̃
lend puru; poruka puru; poru-ka
borrow puru; poru; jerure puru; poru; ǰerure
owe tepyme'ẽ va'erã tepɨmeʔẽ vaʔerã
debt tepyme'rã t-epɨmeʔrã
pay (vb) hepyme'ẽ hepɨ-meʔẽ
account, reckoning jepapa; mba'erepykue ǰepapa; ᵐbaʔerepɨkue
tax, tribute tembirepykue teᵐbirepɨkue
hire poru poru
wages tembiaporepy teᵐbiaporepɨ
earn mbiaty viru ᵐbiatɨ viru
buy jogua ǰoɣʷa
sell ñemu ɲemu
trade, barter mbyekovia; mbuekovia ᵐbɨ-ekovia; ᵐbu-ekovia
merchant omba'eñe'muva; ñemuhára oᵐbaʔeɲe'muva; ɲemu-'hara
market (place) ñemuha ɲemuha
store, shop ñemuha ɲemu-ha
price hepy; tepy; mba'erepy h-epɨ; t-epɨ; ᵐbaʔerepɨ
dear (costly, expensive) hepy hepɨ
cheap ndahe'pyi ⁿda-he'pɨ-i
share (distribute) mboja'o ᵐbo-ǰaʔo
weigh ha'ã haʔã
after uperire; u'pei; rire uperire; u'pei; rire
behind tapykue; tapy'kueri t-apɨkue; t-apɨ'kueri
beside y'kepe; y'pype ɨ'ke-pe; ɨ'pɨ-pe
down, below y'vype; guype ɨ'vɨ-pe; 'ɣʷɨ-pe
before tenonde; raẽ t-enoⁿde; raẽ
front tenondegua t-enoⁿde-ɣʷa
inside, in pype; koty'pype pɨpe; kotɨ'pɨpe
outside oka; o'kape oka; o'ka-pe
under i'gype; guype i'ɣɨpe; 'ɣʷɨ-pe
up, above yvate; ari ɨvate; 'ari
place tenda; mamo t-eⁿda; mamo
put moĩ moĩ
sit guapy ɣʷapɨ
lie down ñeno ɲeno
stand moñembo'y; pu'ã; ñembo'y moɲeᵐboʔɨ; puʔã; ɲeᵐboʔɨ
remain, stay pyta pɨta
remains, left overs tembyre t-eᵐbɨre
collect, gather mbyaty; mono'õ ᵐbɨatɨ; monoʔõ
pick up mono'õ monoʔõ
pile up mbyaty ᵐbɨatɨ
join, unite mono'õ; mbojuaju; mbyaty monoʔõ; ᵐboǰuaǰu; ᵐbɨatɨ
separate mbojei; pe'a ᵐboǰei; peʔa
divide mboja'o; mbovo ᵐbo-ǰaʔo; ᵐbo-vo
open pe'a peʔa
shut, close mboty ᵐbotɨ
cover ñua; ñuvã; jaho'i; mama ɲua; ɲuvã; ǰahoʔi; mama
hide, conceal ñomi; mokañy; ñemi ɲomi; mo-kaɲɨ; ɲemi
high yvate ɨvate
low karape; pe karape; pe
top ru'ã; tu'ã r-uʔã; t-uʔã
bottom tugua t-uɣʷa
end a'pyra; apy a'pɨra; apɨ
pointed hakua; akua hakua; akua
edge rembe'y; tembe; tembe'y r-eᵐbeʔɨ; t-eᵐbe; t-eᵐbeʔɨ
side yke ɨke
middle, center mbyte ᵐbɨte
right (side) aka'tua aka'tua
left (side) asu asu
near (adv) aguĩ aɣʷĩ
far (adv) mombyry moᵐbɨrɨ
east kuarahyresẽ kuarahɨ-resẽ
west kuarahyreike kuarahɨ-reike
north yvate gotyo ɨvate ɣotɨo
south yvy; yvy gotyo; ñemby ɨvɨ; ɨvɨ ɣotɨo; ɲeᵐbɨ
grow kakuaa kakuaa
measure ha'ã haʔã
span, fathom hupyty; mbope; pojepyso hupɨtɨ; ᵐbope; po-ǰe-pɨso
large, big tuicha; guasu tuiča; ɣʷasu
small, little michĩ mičĩ
long puku puku
tall yvate ɨvate
short mbyky ᵐbɨkɨ
wide, broad pe; py; pyguasu pe; pɨ; pɨ-ɣʷasu
narrow pyka'i; po'i pɨkaʔi; poʔi
thick (in dimension) poguasu; anambusu poɣʷasu; anaᵐbusu
thin (in dimension) po'i; pererĩ poʔi; pererĩ
deep pypuku; hypy pɨ-puku; h-ɨpɨ
shallow ndahy'pyi; karape; perẽrĩ ⁿdahɨ'pɨi; karape; perẽrĩ
flat apejoja; joja apeǰoǰa; ǰoǰa
straight ikare'ỹva; yvi ikareʔɨ̃va; ɨvi
crooked karẽ; karẽ; vã
hook tyãi; po'tai tɨ'ʔãi; po'tai
corner tugua t-uɣʷa
cross (kurusu) [kurusu]
square yke'irundy ɨkeʔiruⁿdɨ
round apu'a apuʔa
circle mba'eapu'a ᵐbaʔea-puʔa
sphere, ball mba'eapu'a ᵐbaʔe-apuʔa
line jepysojoja; hai ǰepɨsoǰoǰa; hai
hole kua kua
like, similar jogaha; joja; ojo'guava ǰoɣaha; ǰoǰa; o-ǰo'ɣʷa-va
change mo'ambue; guerova mo-ʔaᵐbue; ɣʷerova
zero, nothing papa'ỹ; mba'eve papaʔɨ̃; ᵐbaʔeve
one peteĩ peteĩ
two mokõi mokõi
three mbohapy ᵐbohapɨ
four irundy iruⁿdɨ
five po po
six poteĩ poteĩ
seven pokõi pokõi
eight poapy po-apɨ
nine porundy poruⁿdɨ
ten pa pa
eleven pateĩ pateĩ
twelve pakõi pakõi
fifteen papo pa-po
twenty mokõipa mokõi-pa
hundred sa sa
thousand su su
count papa papa
every, all mayma; opa; opavave; ñavõ maɨma; opa; opavave; ɲavõ
much, many heta h-eta
more ve; hetave -ve; heta-ve
little (quantity), few mbovy; michĩ ᵐbovɨ; mičĩ
enough he'tama; hetaporã he'tama; heta-porã
some mba'e ᵐbaʔe
multitude, crowd atyguasu; teta atɨ-ɣʷasu; t-eta
full henyhẽ henɨhẽ
empty nandi naⁿdi
part, piece pehẽngue; vore pehẽ-ŋʷe; vore
half ku'a; mbyte kuʔa; ᵐbɨte
alone, only año; nte; mante aɲo; ⁿte; maⁿte
first peteiha; peteĩha peteiha; peteĩ-ha
last ipahague; paha ipahaɣʷe; pa-ha
second mokõiha mokõiha
pair mokõi; kõi; (hunta) mokõi; kõi; ['hunta]
two times mokõi jevy mokõi ǰevɨ
third mbohapyha ᵐbohapɨha
three times mbohapy jevy ᵐbohapɨ ǰevɨ
time ara ara
age arajere araǰere
new pyahu pɨahu
young kyrỹi; mitã; pyahu kɨrɨ̃i; mitã; pɨahu
old tuja tuǰa
early voi voi
late ñembopyhare; ka'aru ɲeᵐbopɨhare; kaʔaru
now ãga; ko'ãga ãɣa; ko'ãɣa
immediately mandi; ko'ãgaite maⁿdi; koʔãɣa-ite
swift, fast, quick pya'e; hatã; voi pɨaʔe; hatã; voi
slow mbegue ᵐbeɣʷe
hasten, hurry (che) range a'havo; pya'e; tange (če) raŋe a'havo; pɨaʔe; taŋe
retard, delay mbo'are; are; mombuku ᵐboʔare; are; mo-ᵐbuku
begin, beginning ñepyrũ ɲepɨrũ
last, endure are are
end (temporal) paha pa-ha
finish mbopaha; pa ᵐbo-paha; pa
cease, stop mbopaha; pyta ᵐbo-paha; pɨta
ready ha'eve; pojava haʔeve; poǰava
always a'kointe; tapia; meme a'koiⁿte; tapia; meme
often manterei; py'ỹi maⁿterei; pɨʔɨ̃i
sometimes sapy'apy'a; a'mome sapɨʔa-pɨʔa; a'mome
soon pya'e; voi pɨaʔe; voi
long-time (for a) are are
never araka'eve arakaʔeve
again jevy; jey ǰevɨ; ǰeɨ
day ara ara
night pyhare pɨhare
dawn ko'ẽtĩ; ko'ẽ koʔẽtĩ; koʔẽ
morning pyhareve pɨhare-ve
noon, midday asaje; asajepyte asaǰe; asaǰe-pɨte
afternoon ka'aru kaʔaru
evening arete renondegua; ka'a'ruma arete renoⁿdeɣʷa; kaʔa'ru-ma
today koarape; koara ko'ʔarape; ko'ʔara
tomorrow ko'ẽrõ koʔẽrõ
day-after-tomorrow ko'ẽambuerõ koʔẽ-aᵐbuerõ
yesterday kuehe kuehe
day-before-yesterday kuehe'ambue; kokuehe kuehe-ʔaᵐbue; ko-kuehe
hour aravo ara-vo
clock, timepiece aravopapaha aravo-papa-ha
week arapokõity; araapopuku ara-pokõitɨ; ara-apo-puku
Sunday arateĩ; aretetapia ara-teĩ; arete-tapia
Monday arakõi ara-kõi
Tuesday araapy ara-apɨ
Wednesday ararundy ara-ruⁿdɨ
Thursday arapo ara-po
Friday arapoteĩ ara-poteĩ
Saturday arapokõi; (savaro) ara-pokõi; [savaro]
month jasyjere; jasy ǰasɨ-ǰere; ǰasɨ
year arajere; ro'y; ary ara-ǰere; roʔɨ; arɨ
winter araro'y ara-roʔɨ
spring arapotĩ; arahakuve ara-potĩ; ara-hakuve
summer arahaku ara-haku
autumn togue'a; ara ro'yve toɣʷeʔa; 'ara roʔɨve
season arajere araǰere
smell (vb intrans) hyakuã h-ɨakuã
sniff hetũhetũ h-etũ-h-etũ
smell (vb trans) andu; hetũ aⁿdu; h-etũ
fragrant, good smelling hyakuã porã; hyakuãvu hɨakuã porã; h-ɨakuãvu
stinking, bad smelling tyakuãvai; ne; katĩ tɨakuãvai; ne; katĩ
taste ha'ã; kũmby h-aʔã; kũᵐbɨ
sweet mba'ehe'ẽ; he'ẽ ᵐbaʔe-heʔẽ; h-eʔẽ
salty he'ẽjuky; he'ẽ heʔẽǰukɨ; h-eʔẽ
bitter ro ro
acid, sour hai hai
brackish he'ẽjuky heʔẽǰukɨ
hear hendu h-eⁿdu
listen hendu; japysaka heⁿdu; ǰapɨsaka
sound, noise pu; tyapu pu; tɨapu
loud hya'puva; ayvu; tyapu hɨa'puva; aɨvu; tɨapu
quiet, silence kirirĩ kirirĩ
see hecha h-eča
look, look at ma'ẽ; maña maʔẽ; maɲa
show hechauka h-eča-uka
shine vera vera
bright ve'rava -ve'ra-va
color sa'y saʔɨ
light (in color) hesakã; sakã hesakã; sakã
dark (in color) ypytũ ɨ-pɨtũ
white morotĩ morotĩ
black
red pytã pɨtã
blue hovy hovɨ
green hovy hovɨ
yellow sa'yju; ju saʔɨ-ǰu; ǰu
touch poko poko
pinch pichãi pičãi
feel andu; ñandu aⁿdu; ɲaⁿdu
hard hatã hatã
soft hu'ũ huʔũ
rough ko'rocho ko'ročo
smooth sỹi sɨ̃i
sharp haimbe haiᵐbe
blunt, dull hakua'ỹva; hainga hakuaʔɨ̃va; haiŋa
heavy po'hyi po'hɨi
light (in weight) ve'vui ve'vui
wet, damp hykue; akỹ hɨkue; akɨ̃
dry
hot haku h-aku
warm hakuvy haku-vɨ
cold ro'y; hoysã r-oʔɨ; h-o'ʔɨsã
clean potĩ potĩ
dirty, soiled ky'a kɨʔa
wrinkled cha'ĩ čaʔĩ
soul, spirit anga; ã; pytu aŋa; ã; pɨtu
surprised, astonished ipy'a'ndyi; py'a'ndyi; juruja ipɨʔa'ⁿdɨi; pɨʔa'ⁿdɨi; ǰuruǰa
good fortune, luck po'a poʔa
misfortune, bad luck pane pane
joyful, glad, happy hory; vy'a h-orɨ; vɨʔa
laugh puka puka
smile pukavy puka-vɨ
play ñembosa'rai; mosarambi ɲeᵐbosa'rai; mo-saraᵐbi
love pota; hayhu pota; h-aɨhu
kiss hetũ; jurupyte h-etũ; ǰuru-pɨte
embrace añuã aɲuã
pain tasy t-asɨ
grief, sorrow, sadness ñembyasy ɲe-ᵐbɨ-asɨ
anxiety, worry angata; jepy'apy aᵑgata; ǰe-pɨʔa-pɨ
regret, be sorry jahe'o; mbyasy; rombyasy ǰaheʔo; ᵐbɨasɨ; roᵐbɨasɨ
pity poriahuvereko poriahu-ve-reko
cry, weep jahe'o; hasẽ ǰaheʔo; h-asẽ
tear (noun) tesay t-esaɨ
groan pyahẽ pɨahẽ
hate py'ako'õ; ro'yrõ; py'aro pɨʔakoʔõ; roʔɨrõ; pɨʔa-ro
anger pochy počɨ
envy, jealousy guerekose; py'arasy; takate'ỹ ɣʷerekose; pɨʔa-rasɨ; t-akateʔɨ̃
shame (noun) otĩva reko; ñemotĩ otĩva reko; ɲe-mo-tĩ
proud ojeja'pova; ojero'vuva o-ǰe-ǰa'po-va; o-ǰe-ro-'vu-va
dare tova'atã; ñarõ t-ova-ʔatã; ɲarõ
brave py'aguasu pɨʔa-ɣʷasu
fear, fright kyhyje; py'amirĩ kɨhɨǰe; pɨʔa-mirĩ
danger kyhyjeha; mongyhyjeha kɨhɨǰeha; mo-ŋɨhɨǰe-ha
desire, want tembipota; pyaho; angata teᵐbipota; pɨaho; aŋata
choose poravo poravo
hope jerovia; ta'arõ ǰe-rovia; t-aʔarõ
faithful hekopete oi'kova hekopete oi'kova
true añe'teva; ete; ite; añetegua aɲe'teva; ete; ite; aɲete-ɣʷa
lie, tell lies japu ǰapu
deceit mbotavy; pokarẽ ᵐbo-tavɨ; po-karẽ
forgive ñembopochyhara; ñyrõ ɲeᵐbopočɨhara; ɲɨrõ
good marangatu; porã; py'aporã maraᵑgatu; porã; pɨʔa-porã
bad ñaña; aña ɲaɲa; aɲa
right, correct oĩporã; hekokatu; hekoporã oĩporã; h-eko-katu; h-eko-porã
wrong hekope'ỹ; oja'vyva h-ekopeʔɨ̃; o-ǰa'vɨ-va
fault jejavy ǰe-ǰavɨ
mistake, error jejavy; javy ǰeǰavɨ; ǰavɨ
blame jejavy; angaipa; marã ǰeǰavɨ; aŋaipa; marã
praise momorã; mbotuicha momorã; ᵐbo-tuiča
beautiful porã porã
ugly vai vai
greedy ika'ruva; karu; hyvatã'ỹ ika'ruva; karu; hɨvatã-ʔɨ̃
clever katupyry; ha'eve katupɨrɨ; haʔeve
mind apytu'ũ; akãreñoigue; py'amongeta apɨtuʔũ; akãreɲoiɣʷe; pɨʔa-moŋeta
think (= reflect) akãngeta; mo'ã; jesareko akãŋeta; moʔã; ǰesareko
think (= be of the opinion) rovia; mo'ã rovia; moʔã
believe rovia rovia
understand hechakuaa; jekopyty h-eča-kuaa; ǰekopɨtɨ
know kuaa kuaa
guess kuaaraẽ kuaaraẽ
imitate ha'anga; ha'ã; hekora'ã haʔaŋa; h-aʔã; h-eko-r-aʔã
seem hi'ã; jogua hiʔã; ǰoɣʷa
idea, notion apytu'ũroky; temimo'ã apɨtuʔũrokɨ; t-emi-moʔã
wise iñara'nduva; arandu iɲara'ⁿduva; araⁿdu
foolish, stupid tavy; vyro tavɨ; 'vɨro
insane, crazy tarova tarova
learn ñemoarandu; tavy'o ɲemoaraⁿdu; tavɨʔo
study ñemoarandu ɲe-mo-araⁿdu
teach mbo'e ᵐboʔe
pupil temimbo'e t-emi-ᵐboʔe
teacher mbo'ehára ᵐboʔe-'hara
school mbo'ehao ᵐboʔe-hao
remember mandu'a maⁿduʔa
forget tesa'rai; resa'rai t-esa'rai; r-esa'rai
clear, plain tesakã t-esakã
obscure iñypytũ; pytũ iɲɨpɨtũ; pɨtũ
secret ñe'ẽñemi; herungua; ñemimby ɲeʔẽ-ɲemi; heruŋʷa; ɲemiᵐbɨ
sure, certain añete; katuetei aɲete; katuetei
explain mohesakã mo-h-esakã
intention, purpose py'apeteĩ; potapy; tembipota pɨʔapeteĩ; pota-pɨ; t-eᵐbi-pota
cause apoha; mo; mbo apoha; mo; ᵐbo
doubt py'aheta pɨʔa-heta
suspect kuaavy; ñemo'ã; mo'ãvai kuaavɨ; ɲe-moʔã; moʔã-vai
betray guasu'api; py'ajoyvy ɣʷasuʔapi; pɨʔa-ǰoɨvɨ
need, necessity kotevẽ; tekotevẽ kotevẽ; t-ekotevẽ
easy ndaha'syi ⁿda-ha'sɨi
difficult hasy hasɨ
try, attempt ha'ã haʔã
way, manner teko teko
and ha ha
because gui ɣʷi
if ; ramo rõ; ramo
or tẽra tẽra
yes, affirmative heẽ heẽ
no, negative na'haniri na'haniri
how? mbaeicha ᵐba'ʔeiča
how many? mbo'ypa ᵐbo'ɨpa
how much? mbo'ypa ᵐbo'ɨpa
what? mbaepa ᵐba'ʔepa
when? araka'e arakaʔe
where? moõ moõ
which? mava; mba'e mava; ᵐba'e
who? mavapa mavapa
why? mbaere ᵐba'ʔere
voice ñe'ẽ; ahy'o ɲeʔẽ; ahɨʔo
sing pura'hei pura'hei
shout, cry out sapu'kai sapu'kai
whisper ñe'ẽguyguy ɲeʔẽ-ɣʷɨ-ɣʷɨ
mumble ñerãisu'u; ñe'ẽngu; ñe'ẽtavy ɲerãisuʔu; ɲeʔẽŋu; ɲeʔẽ-tavɨ
whistle turuñe'ẽ turu-ɲeʔẽ
shriek, screech chiã; chia'ã čiã; čiaʔã
howl guahu ɣʷahu
speak, talk ñe'ẽ ɲeʔẽ
stutter, stammer ñe'ẽpytapyta; ñe'ẽpa'ã; kũmbe ɲeʔẽ-pɨta-pɨta; ɲeʔẽ-paʔã; kũᵐbe
say e; i; je e; i; ǰe
tell story mba'emombe'u; mombe'u ᵐbaʔe-moᵐbeʔu; moᵐbeʔu
speech (make a) ñemoñe'ẽ; jejuru'o ɲe-mo-ɲeʔẽ; ǰe-ǰuru-ʔo
silent (be) kirirĩ kirirĩ
language ñe'ẽ ɲeʔẽ
word ñe'ẽ ɲeʔẽ
name tera t-era
ask (question, inquire) porandu poraⁿdu
answer mboho'vai ᵐboho'vai
admit, confess moneĩ; ñemombe'u moneĩ; ɲe-moᵐbeʔu
deny mbotove ᵐbo-tove
ask, request jerure ǰerure
promise ñe'ẽme'ẽ ɲeʔẽ-meʔẽ
refuse tove tove
forbid ndojehe'jai; jejapo'ỹva'erã ⁿdoǰehe'ǰai; ǰe-ǰapo-ʔɨ̃-vaʔerã
rebuke, scold mbokavaju; ja'o; korõi ᵐbokavaǰu; ǰaʔo; korõi
call (=summon) he'noi h-e'noi
call (=name) tera; rera t-era; 'r-era
announce momarandu mo-maraⁿdu
threaten ja'o; ha'anga ǰaʔo; haʔaŋa
boast jerovu; jejapo ǰe-ro-vu; ǰe-ǰapo
write hai hai
read moñe'ẽ mo-ɲeʔẽ
paper kuatia kuatia
pen haiha hai-ha
book kuatiañe'ẽ kuatia-ɲeʔẽ
poet ñe'ẽyvotyhára; ñe'ẽpa'para ɲeʔẽ-ɨvotɨ'hara; ɲeʔẽ-pa'pa-ra
flute mimby miᵐbɨ
drum angu'atara; angu'atarara aᵑguʔa-tara; aŋuʔa-tarara
horn, trumpet turu turu
rattle yvyrapu; katakata ɨvɨra-pu; kata-kata
country tetã t-etã
one's native country tetã t-etã
city, town tava; tavaguasu tava; tava-ɣʷasu
village tava tava
boundary tembe'y; apy; a'pyra teᵐbeʔɨ; apɨ; a'pɨra
people (populace) yvy'pora; tetãyguaaty ɨvɨ-'pora; t-etã-ɨɣʷa-atɨ
tribe, clan ava'a'tyra; te'ỹi avaʔa'tɨra; teʔɨ̃i
chief, chieftain mburuvicha ᵐburuviča
staff, walking stick pokoka; jejokoha pokoka; ǰeǰokoha
rule, govern sãmbyky; sambyhy; jo'kuai sãᵐbɨkɨ; saᵐbɨhɨ; ǰo'kuai
king, ruler tetãrendota; tendota tetãreⁿdota; teⁿdota
queen kuñaporã; tendota kuña kuɲa-porã; teⁿdota kuɲa
noble, nobleman angaturã; marangatu aŋaturã; maraŋatu
citizen, subject tavaygua; tetãgua; po'guypegua tavaɨɣʷa; t-etã-ɣʷa; po-'ɣʷɨ-pe-ɣʷa
master jara; terekua ǰara; t-erekua
slave tembijo'kuai teᵐbiǰo'kuai
servant tembi'guai; (servi)ha t-eᵐbi'ɣʷai; [servi]-ha
freeman kuimba'e ha'eño; karai kuiᵐbaʔe haʔeɲo; karai
command, order guerahauka; mondo; jejapouka ɣʷerahauka; moⁿdo; ǰeǰapouka
obey ñe'ẽrendu; mbo'aje ɲeʔẽ-reⁿdu; ᵐboʔaǰe
let, permit heja h-eǰa
friend, companion angirũ; irũ aᵑgirũ; irũ
enemy ndoporohay'huiva; ja'e'ỹ; rayhu'ỹ; iru'ỹ ⁿdoporohaɨ'huiva; ǰaʔeʔɨ̃; r-aɨhuʔɨ̃; iruʔɨ̃
neighbor ogaykegua; ogapypega; ykeregua oɣa-ɨkeɣʷa; oɣa-pɨpe-ɣa; ɨke-re-ɣʷa
stranger pytagua pɨtaɣʷa
guest mbohupa ᵐbo-hupa
host mombytahára; mbohuparã moᵐbɨta'hara; ᵐbo-hupa-rã
help, aid pytyvõ pɨtɨvõ
hinder, prevent joko; mopa'ã ǰoko; mopaʔã
custom jepokuaa; teko ǰepokuaa; t-eko
strife, quarrel ñorairõ ɲorairõ
conspiracy, plot ñepu'ãse; guyryry ɲe-puʔã-se; ɣʷɨrɨrɨ
meet juhu; ñuguaitĩ ǰuhu; ɲuɣʷaitĩ
prostitute kuñarekovai kuɲa-reko-vai
fight (vb) ñorairõ ɲorairõ
war, battle ñorairõ; ñorairo guasu ɲorairõ; ɲorairo ɣʷasu
peace py'aguapy pɨʔa-ɣʷapɨ
army guarinieta ɣʷarinieta
soldier tetãrembi'guai tetãreᵐbi'ɣʷai
weapons, arms pojoapy poǰoapɨ
club vororei; takape vororei; takape
battle-ax jiakãngua ñorãirõrã; akãngu ǰiakãŋʷa ɲorãirõrã; akãŋʷ
sling itasã itasã
bow yvyrapa; guyrapa ɨvɨrapa; ɣʷɨrapa
arrow hu'y huʔɨ
spear hu'y; mimbuku huʔɨ; miᵐbuku
sword kysepuku kɨse-puku
gun, cannon mboka ᵐboka
armor (defensive) temiñua temiɲua
helmet akangaovata akaŋaovata
shield ta'anga taʔaŋa
fortress tekombarete tekoᵐbarete
tower itapurenda itapureⁿda
victory pu'akã; akãrapu'ã puʔakã; akã-rapuʔã
defeat pu'aka hese; mbuepoti puʔaka hese; ᵐbue-poti
attack kaguai; rairõ kaɣʷai; rairõ
defend mo'ã; ñuvã moʔã; ɲuvã
retreat ñemoha'eño; guari; piã ɲemohaʔeɲo; ɣʷari; piã
surrender motindy; ñemoĩpo'guype motiⁿdɨ; ɲemoĩ-po'ɣʷɨ-pe
captive, prisoner monambipyre; tembijo'kuai mo-naᵐbi-pɨre; teᵐbi-ǰo'kuai
guard, sentinel maña'ndara; maña'ndava maɲa'ⁿdara; maɲa'ⁿdava
booty, spoils hejapyre heǰapɨre
ambush moñuhã; hapera'arõ mo-ɲuhã; hape-r-aʔarõ
fisherman pirakutuha pira-kutu-ha
fishhook pinda piⁿda
fishing line pira mosãha pira mosãha
fishnet pyha; pirañuhã pɨha; pira-ɲuhã
fish trap piraro'kai pira-ro'kai
bait so'okyra; pirarembi'u soʔokɨra; pira-reᵐbiʔu
hunt guyra'api; tymbaapi; (mariska) ɣʷɨraʔapi; t-ɨᵐba-api; [mariska]
shoot ha'ã; japi; mbokapu haʔã; ǰapi; ᵐbokapu
miss (target) javy; ndo'koi ǰavɨ; ⁿdo'koi
trap (noun) ñuhã ɲuhã
trap (vb) popa'ã po-paʔã
law tekorape tekorape
court mohenda renda moheⁿda reⁿda
judge (vb) mohenda; mo'ã moheⁿda; moʔã
judgment tekojoja rembiapo; ñemohenda tekoǰoǰa reᵐbiapo; ɲemoheⁿda
judge (noun) mohendahára; yvyra'jara; yvyraja moheⁿda'hara; ɨvɨra-'ǰara; ɨvɨraǰa
plaintiff jojarekaha ǰoǰarekaha
defendant mo'ãhára; jekaguaiha moʔã'hara; ǰekaɣʷaiha
witness hechahare; henduhare h-eča-hare; h-eⁿdu-hare
swear tupãngy'a; ñe'ẽme'ẽ tupãŋɨʔa; ɲeʔẽmeʔẽ
oath ñe'ẽme'ẽ ɲeʔẽmeʔẽ
accuse mombe'u moᵐbeʔu
condemn moanngaipa; mboja moanᵑgaipa; ᵐbo-ǰa
convict (vb) jejavychauka ǰeǰavɨčauka
acquit jora; moñyrõ ǰora; mo-ɲɨrõ
guilty iñangai'pava; angai'pava; marãva iɲaŋai'pava; aŋai'pa-va; marã-va
innocent ipy'apotĩva; marãỹ; angaipa'ỹ ipɨʔapotĩva; marã-ɨ̃; aŋaipaʔɨ̃
penalty, punishment ñenupã; mbyepoti ɲe-nupã; ᵐbɨepoti
fine pyhorepykue pɨho-repɨ-kue
prison, jail yvyrakua; ka'irãi ɨvɨra-kua; kaʔirãi
murder jejukarei; jejuka ǰeǰukarei; ǰe-ǰuka
adultery momokõi momokõi
rape ñerairõ ɲe-rairõ
arson jehapy ǰehapɨ
perjury ñe'ẽme'ẽgua'u ɲeʔẽ-meʔẽ-ɣʷaʔu
steal monda; javyky moⁿda; ǰavɨkɨ
thief mondaha; sope; popinda moⁿda-ha; sope; po-piⁿda
religion tupãrape; jerovia tupãrape; ǰe-rovia
God ñande'jara; tupã ɲaⁿde-'ǰara; tupã
temple, church tupão tupão
altar itakarai itakarai
sacrifice, offering temikuave'ẽkarai; mongaraipy temi-kuaveʔẽ-karai; mo-ŋarai-pɨ
worship tupaitũ tupaitũ
pray ñembo'e ɲeᵐboʔe
priest pa'i; avare paʔi; avare
holy, sacred marangatu; karai maraŋatu; karai
preach ñemoñe'ẽ ɲe-mo-ɲeʔẽ
bless hovasa; mongarai h-ovasa; mo-ŋarai
curse ñe'ẽngai ɲeʔẽŋai
fast (vb) karu'i; karu'y karu-ʔi; karuʔɨ
heaven y'vaga ɨ'vaɣa
hell añaretã aɲa-r-etã
demon (evil spirit) aña; ahẽ; mba'epochy aɲa; ahẽ; ᵐbaʔe-počɨ
idol tembirayhuvete teᵐbiraɨhuvete
magic, witchcraft, sorcery paje paǰe
sorcerer, witch avapaje; kuñapaje ava-paǰe; kuɲa-paǰe
fairy, elf ja'ryi; pora ǰa'rɨi; 'pora
ghost, phantom pora pora
omen, portent ra'uvõ; ta'uvo r-aʔuvõ; t-aʔuvo